What are landfills?
Landfills are also known as dumped or dumping grounds. They are places where trash from cities and towns goes to be thrown away. It comes from people’s homes and neighbourhoods, and it includes things like paper, plastic, and metal. It also includes trash from homes, offices, and factories, as well as trash from parks and streets. The U.S. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) says that the country has more than 1,400 active landfills. They are often used to get rid of waste from cities, factories, and farms. Most people think that putting trash in a landfill is the best way to get rid of it because it cuts down on the need for other ways to get rid of trash.
Different kinds of landfills
It’s critical to understand what can go in a dumpster and what should go in a different garbage container. To properly dispose of everything, especially dangerous materials, you must transport it to the appropriate landfill. Here are a few typical types of dumps.
Municipal solid waste (MSW)
Municipal solid waste landfills hold trash from places like homes, hotels, and other similar places. This trash isn’t dangerous.
Landfills for construction and demolition (C&D)
Construction, demolition, and renovation projects generate a lot of trash, which gets dumped here. Concrete, wood, and glass are all examples of this type of material.
Hazardous waste landfills
These landfills are for harmful rubbish, as the name implies. The EPA says that wastes from treating wood and used solvents fall into this category.
Specific landfills in Nebraska
Bluff Road Landfill
Lincoln, Nebraska 68521’s Bluff Road Landfill is situated at 6001 Bluff Road, 1.25 miles north of I-80 and Highway 77. They take trash including non-flammable asbestos, construction and demolition debris, used carpet material, contaminated soil, asphalt, concrete, municipal solid waste, ash, tyres (auto), and white goods and bulky wastes.
Alliance City Landfill
The Alliance City Landfill is a place in Alliance, Nebraska, where trash and garbage are dumped and buried under layers of soil or other materials. Sanitary Landfills, dump sites, and trash dumps in Alliance are controlled by both the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Nebraska state environmental departments. Nebraska is also in charge of giving permits to places where trash can be thrown away. Permitting rules decide how the Alliance City Landfill looks, how it works, and what kinds of waste streams county residents can use.
The Kimball Landfill is on West Hwy 30, which is in Kimball, NE 69145. They take trash like friable and non-friable asbestos, as well as trash from construction and demolition. Soil, trash from cities, sludge, and yard waste that are all contaminated.
What Happens to Waste in a Landfill?
Landfills are places where trash stays for a very long time. Inside a landfill, there isn’t much oxygen or water. When these things happen, trash takes a long time to break down. In fact, landfills aren’t made to break down trash; they’re just meant to bury it. Most landfills are capped when they run out of room. There are different ways to cap regular trash and hazardous waste.
For dangerous trash:
- To cover the trash, man-made materials are used. On top of this, there are two feet of packed clay.
- As waste breaks down, liquids and chemicals seep out through a drainage layer.
- The system was finished off with a layer of dirt or topsoil.
For general waste:
At the bottom of the landfill, there is a system called a solid liner.
The landfill site is covered with alternating layers of compacted clay and synthetic material. The last layer of topsoil is put on top of the clay.
Benefits of Landfills
1. Landfills are a great place to get energy
Carbon dioxide and methane are made when trash piles up and starts to break down. These gases can be taken out, cleaned, and then used to make energy. The third place methane comes from in the United States is garbage dumps. About 95.6 million of these Carbon (IV) oxides are also made each year by the country’s landfills.
2. Modern Landfills are Eco-friendly
In the past, landfills were just open-air places to throw away almost anything, but that’s no longer the case. Thanks to the work of environmental experts and conservationists, landfill sites now have strict laws, rules, and standards. The design of the landfills makes good use of technology. A good soil lining and leachate management system make sure that nothing leaks out and causes damage.
3. Clean up cities, towns, and neighbourhoods
If a city doesn’t have a landfill or if people know there isn’t a good way to get rid of trash, they will just dump it in the empty spaces. Both people and the environment are hurt by this. With well-kept landfills, trash from the area will stay in the area instead of being shipped to other countries.
The Bad Side of Landfills
- Soil pollution can come from landfills.
- Even though there are many benefits to using landfills, there are still some problems with this idea.
- For example, one of the problems with landfills is that they can pollute the soil in a big way.
- If trash is put in these dumps, the soil will break down over time.
- In the long run, chemicals that are bad for the soil will be let out.
- These chemicals can not only change the soil’s structure in a big way, but they can also hurt bugs and other small animals that live in the soil now.
Getting rid of natural places
- Landfills take up a lot of space because they are so big.
- So, if the government decides to build new landfills, a lot of land that was mostly untouched by people before will now be used in a very heavy way. In turn, the construction of these landfills may destroy the natural homes of many animals and plants.
The Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality runs a network of trash dumps in the state. The landfills are open 24 hours a day and take both trash and things that can be recycled. The landfills are in different parts of the state, and some can even be reached by train. We’re quite happy that you stopped by today to find out more about Nebraska’s landfills. We hope you were able to use this data to help maintain your community clean and green.